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     Muwekma Ohlone Tribe
of the San Francisco Bay Area

        Makkin Mak Muwekma Wolwoolum, 'Akkoy Mak-Warep, Manne Mak Hiswi!

                  We Are Muwekma Ohlone, Welcome To Our Land, Where We Are Born!

            Historical Timeline


MUWEKMA OHLONE TRIBE

HISTORICAL TIMELINE


1700s

Mission San Francisco de Asis (Mission Dolores) est 1776
Ohlone Indians Dancing at Mission Dolores, San Francisco, CA Drawing by Louis Andrevitch Choris
Ohlone Indians Dancing at Mission Dolores, San Francisco, CA Drawing by Louis Andrevitch Choris
Mission Santa Clara de Asis est 1777
Mission San Jose est 1797
Mission San Jose Indians

1800s

Ohlone Indians in a Tule Boat in the San Francisco Bay circa 1822 Drawing by Louis Andrevitch Choris
Maria De Los Angeles Colos One of the Last Chochenyo Speakers (1929)
ca. 1839 - ca. 1935
Jose Guzman One of the Last Chochenyo Speakers (1934)
ca. 1854 - 1934

1900s

Muwekma Ohlone Casita on the Pleasanton/Alisal Rancheria 1905
Pleasanton Township, Indian Town, Indian Population Census, May 14 1910, Alameda County, CA
Ohlone Indian Cemetery Sign
Chairwoman Cambra in Front of White House, Washington DC Delivering Petition to President Clinton Jan. 25, 1995

2000s

Tribal History

 

MUWEKMA OHLONE TRIBE

 

PREVIOUSLY RECOGNIZED AS THE VERONA BAND

 

HISTORICAL TIMELINE
(In Progress)

 

1700s -

 

1769 - Portola Expedition to Alta California


1775 - Spanish Packet (ship) San Carlos enters San Francisco Bay

 

1776 - Mission Dolores Founded

 

1777 - Mission Santa Clara Founded

 

1797 - Mission San Jose Founded

 

 

1800s -

 

1801 - Liberato Culpecse baptized Mission Dolores


1814 - Efrena Quennatole baptized Mission San Jose

 

1819 - Dionysio Liberato born to Liberato and Efrena

 

1832 - Maria Efrena born to Liberato and Efrena

 

ca. 1839 - Maria de los Angeles Colos born to Zenon and Joaquina Pico

 

1839 - Sunol-Bernal-Pico families granted Rancho de la Laguna near Sunol/Pleasanton

 

1840s - Land grants to several Mission Santa Clara "Clareno" Indians

 

1841 - Máyyin Jacoba Sasuyo born to Capitan Taurino and Joaquina

 

1841 - Capitan Jose Antonio Lasoyo born to Capitan Leopardo and Numeriana

 

1848 - Maria de Jesus born to Capitan Leopardo and Numeriana

 

ca. 1852 - Susanna Flores (Nichols) grandparents were Capitan Leopardo and Numeriana

 

1853 - Maria Angustia Lasoyo born to Capitan Jose Antonio and Celsa

 

ca. 1854 - Jose Guzman born to Habencio Zapasi and Petra Gusta Coronathe

 

1863 - Avelina Cornates [Marine] born to Maria Efrena and Ponfilo Yakilamne

 

1867 - Francisca Nonessa [Guzman] born to Liberato and Maria de Jesus

 

1876 - Jose Guzman and Maria Angustia Lasoyo marry at Mission San Jose

 

1877 - George Santos born to Francisco Santo and Petronilla

 

1877 - Petra Inigo (Phoebe Alaniz) born to Thomas Inigo and Trinidad Gonzales

 

1877 - Magdalena Armija (Thompson) born to Elias Armija and Delfina Guerrera

 

1882 - Joe Nichols born to Susanna Flores and Charles Nichols

 

1883 - Peregrina Piños (Santos) born to Benedicta Guerrera and Manuel Piños

 

1885 - Margarita Piños (Juarez) born to Benedicta Guerrera and Manuel Piños

 

1888 - Dario Marine born to Avelina Cornates and Rafael Marine

 

1890 - Dolores Marine (Alvarez/Piscopo/Galvan) born to Avelina Cornates and Rafael Marine

 

1890 - Antonio (Toney) Guzman born to Francisca Nonessa and Jose Guzman

 

1890 - Isabelle Olivares (Nichols) born to Margarita Armija and Joseph Olivares

 

1891 - Isabelle Marine (Nichols) born to Avelina Cornates and Rafael Marine

 

1892 - Jose Guzman and Francisca Nonessa marry at Mission San Jose

 

1893 - Ramona Marine (Sanchez) born to Avelina Cornates and Rafael Marine

 

1893 - John Nichols born to Susanna Flores and Charles Nichols

 

1893 - Joseph Aleas born to Margarita Armija and probably Joseph Olivares

 

1894 - Catherine Peralta (Marine) born to Leona Guzman and Thomas Peralta

 

1895 - Mercedes Marine (Arellano/Garcia) born to Avelina Cornates and Rafael Marine

 

1895 - Henry Abraham Lincoln Nichols born to Susanna Flores and Charles Nichols

 

1896 - Alfred Guzman born to Francisca Nonessa and Jose Guzman

 

1897 - Capitan Jose Antonio died and is buried in the Ohlone Cemetery

 

1897 - Victoria Marine (Munoz) born to Avelina Cornates and Rafael Marine

 

1897 - Franklin Guzman born to Teresa Davis and Ben Guzman

 

1898 - Erolinda Santos born to George Santos and Peregrina Piños

 

1899 - Lucas Marine born to Avelina Cornates and Rafael Marine

 

 

1900s -


1900 - Muwekma Ohlone Community Listed on the 1900 Indian Census for Niles

 

1900 - Muwekma Ohlone Community Listed on the 1900 Indian Census for Pleasanton/Sunol

 

1900 - Henry Marshall born to Magdalena Armija and Joseph Marshall

 

1901 - Cecelia Armija born to Chona Bautista Gonzales and Edward Armija


1902 - Trina Marine (Elston/Thompson/Ruano) born to Avelina Cornates and Rafael Marine


1902 - John (Jack) Guzman born to Francisca Nonessa and Jose Guzman

 

1905-1906 - Muwekma Ohlone Community Listed on the Special Indian Census for Niles and Pleasanton

 

1906/1908 - Congress passes the Homeless California Indian Acts for Landless California Indian Bands


1909 - Albert Marine Arellano born to Mercedes Marine and Francisco Arellano

 

1910 - Muwekma Ohlone Community Listed on the 1910 Indian Census for Pleasanton "Indian Town"

 

1910 - Enos Marine Sanchez born to Ramona Marine and Porfirio Sanchez

 

1910 - Mary Munoz born to Victoria Marine and John Munoz

 

1910 - Dolores Sanchez born to Ramona Marine and Porfirio Sanchez

 

1912 - Ernest Thompson, Jr. born to Magdalena Armija and Ernest Thompson, Sr.

 

1914 - Alfonso Saunders Juarez born to Erolinda Santos and Joseph Armija Garcia (Saunders)

 

1914 - Reno Agency Indian Agent Identifies the Verona Band as one of the Bands eligible for land purchase as a Federally Recognized Indian Community

 

1914-1920 - Six Muwekma Ohlone Men enlist in the Army, Navy and Marines before and during World War I

 

1917 - Robert Sanchez born to Ramona Marine and Porfirio Sanchez

 

1917 - Daniel Saunders Juarez born to Erolinda Santos and Joseph Armija Garcia (Saunders)

 

1917 - Flora Freda Munoz born to Victoria Marine and John Munoz

 

1918 - Lawrence Thompson born to Magdalena Armija and Ernest Thompson, Sr.

 

1919 - Margaret Sanchez born to Ramona Marine and Porfirio Sanchez

 

1920 - Muwekma Ohlone Tribal Members identified as Indians on the 1920 Census

 

1922 - Henry "Hank" Alvarez born to Dolores Marine and Jack Alvarez

 

1923 - Reno Agency Superintendent James Jenkins identifies the Verona Band of Alameda County as one of the Landless Tribes under the agency's jurisdiction

 

1925 - Martin Guzman dies and is buried at the Ohlone Indian Cemetery in Fremont

 

1926 - Philip Galvan born to Dolores Marine and Felipe Galvan

 

1927 - Sacramento Agency Superintendent L. A. Dorrington unilaterally removes 135 Bands and Tribes from the list of eligible Tribal communities in need of land including the Verona Band

 

1927 - Benjamin Michael Galvan born to Dolores Marine and Felipe Galvan

 

1928 - Passage of the California Indian Jurisdictional Act

 

1929-1932 - Muwekma Ohlone (Verona Band) Heads of Household and Families enroll with the Bureau of Indian Affairs under the California Indian Jurisdictional Act

 

1930 - Muwekma Ohlone Tribal Members are listed as Indians on the 1930 Census

 

1930-1939 - Lawrence Domingo Marine goes to Sherman Institute Indian Boarding School

 

1932 - Dolores "Dottie" Galvan born to Dolores Marine and Felipe Galvan

 

1932 - Donald Elston born to Trina Marine and Charles Elston

 

1935 - Faye Thompson born to Trina Marine and Ernest Thompson

 

1937 - Lola Thompson born to Trina Marine and Ernest Thompson

 

1940-1946 - Muwekma Ohlone Men serve in the Pacific and European Theaters during World War II in the Army, Army Air Corps, Navy, Marine Corps

 

1942 - Irene Ruano born to Trina Marine and Joe Ruano

 

1942 - Frank Ruano born to Trina Marine and Joe Ruano

 

1944-1947 - John Guzman, Jr. and Reyna Guzman attend Chemawa Indian Boarding School in Salem, Oregon

 

1944 - Guadalupe "Lupe" Ruano born to Trina Marine and Joe Ruano

 

1948-1957 - Muwekma Ohlone Heads of Household enroll with the BIA during second enrollment period

 

1950s - Muwekma Ohlone Tribal Elders receive payment of $150.00 for the value of 8.5 million acres of land

 

1954-1955 - A. L. Kroeber and Berkeley Anthropologists side with the California Indians during Claims Hearings held in San Francisco and Berkeley.   Kroeber identifies the Mission San Jose Indians as example of survivorship in 1955

 

1962 - Muwekma Ohlone Tribal Members begin to save and protect their Ohlone Indian Cemetery from destruction

 

1968-1971 - Muwekma Ohlone Heads of Households and their families enroll with the BIA during the third enrollment period

 

1980-1984 - Formation of Muwekma Ohlone Tribal Council

 

1989 - Letter of Intent to Petition the Federal Government for Status Clarification

 

1996 - Determination of Previous Unambiguous Federal Recognition (25 CFR 83.8)

 

 

2000